• Opium War to Self-Strengthening Movement
    (1840-1894)
  • 1st Sino-Japanese War to 1911 Revolution
    (1894-1911)
  • Birth of the ROC to Nanking Decade
    (1912-1937)
  • Tales of Hong Kong & Macao (Coming Soon)
    (1840-1949)
  • 2nd Sino-Japanese War (Coming Soon)
    (1931-1945)
  • Civil War and Founding of the PRC (Coming Soon)
    (1945-1949)
Opium War to Self-Strengthening Movement
(1840-1894)
1st Sino-Japanese War to 1911 Revolution
(1894-1911)
Birth of the ROC to Nanking Decade
(1912-1937)
Tales of Hong Kong & Macao (Coming Soon)
(1840-1949)
2nd Sino-Japanese War (Coming Soon)
(1931-1945)
Civil War and Founding of the PRC (Coming Soon)
(1945-1949)

The First Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895)

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The First Sino-Japanese War: an Overview

Japan’s rise and expansionism, fueled by the Meiji Restoration, made a war between China and Japan all but imminent. The subsequent First Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95, which resulted in China’s defeat and the bankruptcy of its Self-Strengthening Movement, swept the nation into the whirlpool of historic upheaval and change.

See More

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(1) Japan’s Meiji Restoration and Expansionist Ambitions

In 1867, a new era commenced in Japan with Emperor Meiji and his subsequent modernization efforts. As a growing nation, Japan embarked on the path of militarism and expansionism, targeting China among others.

See More

jiawu2_thumbnail_238x238_v1

(2)The Outbreak of the First Sino-Japanese War

After the Meiji Restoration and with increasing military and political strength, China became a target of Japanese expansionism. The plan was to invade China via Korea, a Chinese dependency. In 1894, Japan seized the opportunity to implement this scheme.

See More

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(3) The Modernized Battle

During the First Sino-Japanese War, the battlefront expanded from Korea to China’s Liaodong Peninsula where ports and cities came under siege as the Qing army collapsed.

See More

jiawu4_thumbnail_v3

(4) The Modernized Naval Battle

The Battles of the Yellow Sea and of Weihaiwei during the First Sino-Japanese War were a showcase of Chinese and Japanese naval capabilities. China’s modernization efforts over 30 years during the Self-Strengthening Movement simply vanished as its Beiyang Fleet collapsed.

See More

jiawu5_thumbnail_v2

(5) Signing of the Treaty of Shimonoseki

As a result of its devastating defeat, China had no choice but to negotiate with Japan and accept the harsh terms dictated in the Treaty of Shimonoseki.

See More

jiawu6_thumbnai_238x238_v1

(6) The Aftermath of Japan’s Victory

The defeat of the “heavenly kingdom” of China by the so-called “small country” of Japan had a significant impact on China: failed Self-Strengthening Movement, Japanese invasion of Taiwan, scramble for concessions, reform and revolution.

See More

gailan_thumbnail_v1_en

See More

jiawu1_thumbnail_v2

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jiawu2_thumbnail_238x238_v1

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jiawu3_thumbnail_v2

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jiawu4_thumbnail_v3

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jiawu5_thumbnail_v2

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jiawu6_thumbnai_238x238_v1

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The First Sino-Japanese War: an Overview

Japan’s rise and expansionism, fueled by the Meiji Restoration, made a war between China and Japan all but imminent. The subsequent First Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95, which resulted in China’s defeat and the bankruptcy of its Self-Strengthening Movement, swept the nation into the whirlpool of historic upheaval and change.

The First Sino-Japanese War: an Overview

Japan’s rise and expansionism, fueled by the Meiji Restoration, made a war between China and Japan all but imminent. The subsequent First Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95, which resulted in China’s defeat and the bankruptcy of its Self-Strengthening Movement, swept the nation into the whirlpool of historic upheaval and change.

(1) Japan’s Meiji Restoration and Expansionist Ambitions

In 1867, a new era commenced in Japan with Emperor Meiji and his subsequent modernization efforts. As a growing nation, Japan embarked on the path of militarism and expansionism, targeting China among others.

(2)The Outbreak of the First Sino-Japanese War

After the Meiji Restoration and with increasing military and political strength, China became a target of Japanese expansionism. The plan was to invade China via Korea, a Chinese dependency. In 1894, Japan seized the opportunity to implement this scheme.

(3) The Modernized Battle

During the First Sino-Japanese War, the battlefront expanded from Korea to China’s Liaodong Peninsula where ports and cities came under siege as the Qing army collapsed.

(4) The Modernized Naval Battle

The Battles of the Yellow Sea and of Weihaiwei during the First Sino-Japanese War were a showcase of Chinese and Japanese naval capabilities. China’s modernization efforts over 30 years during the Self-Strengthening Movement simply vanished as its Beiyang Fleet collapsed.

(5) Signing of the Treaty of Shimonoseki

As a result of its devastating defeat, China had no choice but to negotiate with Japan and accept the harsh terms dictated in the Treaty of Shimonoseki.

(6) The Aftermath of Japan’s Victory

The defeat of the “heavenly kingdom” of China by the so-called “small country” of Japan had a significant impact on China: failed Self-Strengthening Movement, Japanese invasion of Taiwan, scramble for concessions, reform and revolution.