Sino Millennia

Chinese Scholarly Academies


Shuyuan, or scholarly academies first appeared during the reign of Emperor Xuanzong (r. 712–756) of the Tang dynasty (618–907). Academies originated in the libraries of private scholars and local government offices engaged in the sorting of ancient books and records; their emergence is tied to the rise of printing and the increased circulation of books.


Chinese Dialects


According to UNESCO statistics, there are more than 6,000 languages in the world. The ten most commonly used ones are Chinese, Spanish, English, Arabic, Hindi, Bengali, Portuguese, Russian, Japanese, and German.

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